Testosterone is often cast as the manly hormone, the chemical bestower of virility and the reason for men's high sex drives. But new research turns this conventional wisdom on its head.
'Manly' Hormone Turns Women onto Masturbation (But Not Sex)
In healthy men, it turns out, testosterone isn't linked to sexual desire at High sex drive for southern chick. And in women, high testosterone is actually associated with less interest in sex with a partner.
Complicating the picture further, while high-testosterone women may be less interested in slipping between the sheets with a lover, high testosterone Hig linked to greater interest in masturbation in healthy women, according to research detailed online in May in the srive Archives of Sexual Behavior.
The findings are unique because most studies of sexual desire and hormones use either animal subjects or focus on people with abnormally low or high testosterone who come into clinics for treatment, said study researcher Sari van Anders, a behavioral neuroendocrinologist at the University of Michigan.
Healthy individuals are rarely studied, van Anders told LiveScience. When people do study factors such as stress and body image regarding people's sex lives, they rarely look at hormonal influences at the same time.
That's what van Anders did differently. She recruited volunteers from university classes and community fliers to fill out questionnaires High sex drive for southern chick their relationships, their stress and moods, and their own feelings about their bodies and sexuality. These questions were designed to get at factors that influence people's sex lives: How happy are you, generally?
How stressed? Are you self-conscious about your body during sex? The volunteers men and 91 women also answered questions about how frequently they had partnered sex and masturbated, and how frequently they had the desire to masturbate or Massapequa Park have sex with a partner.
People tend to think of desire as a single phenomenon, but the desire to have sex may come from a different place than the desire to masturbate, van Anders said. Solitary desire, on the other High sex drive for southern chick, may be more internal and less influenced by social factors like relationship satisfaction, she said. Each study participant gave a saliva sample for hormonal analysis.
Fascinating test reveals how high or low your libido is | Daily Mail Online
Van Anders High sex drive for southern chick testosterone as well as cortisol, a hormone Cute 21 yr old looking for sugarmomma in times of stress a surefire libido-killer.
She then compared low-versus-high testosterone participants and their self-reported levels of desire. In men, she found, High sex drive for southern chick of testosterone had nothing to do with how much guys thought about sex, solitary or partnered. Multiple studies have found that men generally desire sex more frequently than women. Southerb men also produce more testosterone than women. These two facts have led to the belief that testosterone is the reason for the desire, van Anders said.
But that idea is based on animal studies and studies of men who produce extreme, abnormally low levels of testosterone.
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In men in the healthy range, an extra spurt of the "macho hormone" doesn't seem to influence interest High sex drive for southern chick getting busy. There have been studies, aex very few, showing similar results.
Things get a bit more complicated on the female side. Women with higher testosterone reported less desire for partnered sex.
What really DOES turn women on? | Daily Mail Online
It may seem strange, but the finding fits with previous evidence, van Anders said. For example, women in long-term relationships have been shown to have lower testosterone.
It could be Adult looking sex CT Bridgeport 6607 their partner desire relates to a need to be close and connected as opposed to simply a need for pleasure, van Anders said. Alternatively, higher testosterone might reflect higher stress in women. Testosterone is secreted by the adrenal glands, which go into overdrive during stressful times.
Solitary sexual desire, on the other hand, was higher in the higher-testosterone women, such that the 27 women in the High sex drive for southern chick who reported no desire to masturbate at all had lower testosterone than the women who said they sometimes felt soutuern to masturbate.
The finding bolsters the idea that desire for a partner is more influenced by social factors, van Anders said, while solitary desire is more innate. Next, van Anders looked into the burning High sex drive for southern chick of why men, on average, want sex more often than the average woman. Sure enough, she found that Horny Guinea-Bissau mom was not the culprit.
Levels of this hormone did not explain the differences in desire between men and women.
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The only factor that did link to gender southren was masturbation. Adult searching sex dating Cheyenne masturbated more than women and reported more sexual High sex drive for southern chick with a partner and solitary.
Women masturbated less, and reported less desire. There's no way to tell from this research whether the desire or the masturbation comes first. But there are intriguing hints that perhaps the difference in masturbation habits could explain the desire gap, van Anders said.
Sex therapists often tell low-desire patients to try starting chik or masturbation even if they feel uninterested. Often, the desire follows. Though female masturbation has become less taboo, it is still somewhat stigmatized compared to male masturbation, van Anders said.
It's possible that women simply don't practice revving up their desires as much as men do. The next step, van Anders said, is to get a better handle on the concept of desire, focusing on social factors and not just pharmaceutical fixes for low libidos.
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People often think that the desire comes first and drives people to seek out sexual pleasure, she said. In reality, desire is a lot like hunger, she said.
You might eat because you're starving, or because you're bored, or because it's 6: Stephanie Pappas is a contributing writer for Live Science. She covers the world of human and animal behavior, as well as paleontology and other science topics.
Stephanie has a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from the University of South Carolina and a graduate certificate in science communication from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
She has ducked under a glacier in Switzerland and poked hot lava with a stick in Hawaii.
Stephanie hails from East Tennessee, the global center for salamander diversity. How much do you really know about the differences between men and women when it comes to sex?
Testosterone and libido Each study participant gave a saliva sample for hormonal analysis.Looking Real Sex IN Woodburn 46797
Gender differences Next, southfrn Anders looked into the burning question of why men, on average, want sex more often than the average woman.
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