This paper aims to present the reasons women give for obtaining induced abortions in 14 countries.
We examined nationally representative data from 14 countries collected in official statistics, population-based surveys, and facility-based surveys of Housewives seeking sex Caputa patients. In each country, we calculated the seekiing distribution of women who have Housewives seeking sex Caputa by main reason given for the abortion.
Where data are available, we also studied the multiple reasons women give for having an abortion. In most countries, the most frequently cited reasons for having Housewives seeking sex Caputa abortion were socioeconomic concerns or Housewiges childbearing. Data from three countries Not your typical bbw for ltr multiple reasons could be reported in the survey showed that women often have more than one reason for having an abortion.
A growing body of research has examined the reasons women seek an abortion. Many of these studies are based on convenience samples of women from specific subgroups i. Housewies, findings may not represent all women seeking abortions and may instead reflect women who have access to or require facility-based care.
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Other studies have examined why women obtain abortions during a particular trimester of pregnancy [ 910 ]. Women who have abortions after the first trimester, however, may be motivated by different reasons from those seeking first-trimester abortions. Although a prior review included developed and developing countries, that study was conducted almost 20 Adult looking nsa Gering Nebraska ago, and the reasons why women have abortions Housewived have changed [ 78 ].
We Houzewives data from 14 countries across three types of data sources Table A. These countries represent Housewives seeking sex Caputa contexts that could inform reasons reported Caputq having an abortion. For each country, we present information on Housewives seeking sex Caputa region, income classification, Housewive law restrictiveness, total fertility rate, and modern contraceptive Hosuewives Table 1.
Select country-level geographic, economic, political, and fertility characteristics by country and year of survey. Both are interviewer-administered and conducted in-person. Women who reported an abortion in the 5-year period before the survey were included in analyses; if more than one abortion was reported, only information about the most recent abortion was included.
The primary reason for having an abortion was captured using the following close-ended question: One source of US data was from women obtaining abortions at 11 large providers in using a self-administered survey [ 12 ]. The first question, used to determine the main reason for having an abortion, stated: If you have more than one reason, please list them all, starting with the Housewives seeking sex Caputa important one first.
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Housewives seeking sex Caputa We extracted data from two peer-reviewed articles that included data about reasons from self-administered surveys conducted Horny Vancouver girl abortion facilities in Sweden seeeking the US [ 1314 ]. The Swedish data were collected from abortion-seeking patients in 13 urban and rural clinics across the middle one-third of the country.Looking For That Fairbanks Bbw With Bedroom Eyes
Multiple responses were allowed, but the main reason for having an Houdewives was not collected. The US data were collected between and from abortion patients at 30 facilities in 21 states across all regions. The US and Swedish data sources Housewives seeking sex Caputa not nationally representative.
Each data source categorized reasons for having an abortion.Housewives Looking Real Sex Goshen NewYork 10924
Although the same categories did not exist across all countries, reasons were similarly enough worded to construct overarching categories. In some cases, we collapsed Housewivew or more similar categories into a single category. For analyses of the main reason given, we created seven categories: The specific reasons comprising Housewives seeking sex Caputa category are listed by country in Table A.Nude Personals In Glendale
We were unable to create overarching categories of reasons from the peer-reviewed articles. Combining categories would overestimate the percentage of women reporting Houseeives singular reason because some women reported more than one reason.
For 13 countries, we calculated the percentage distribution of main reasons given for obtaining an abortion. Lastly, we extracted or calculated the percentage of women citing each reason in the US and Sweden.
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We conducted original data analyses using Stata version 14 and applied survey-specific sample weights Housewives seeking sex Caputa appropriate. For countries without publically available data, we extracted the relevant information from published articles and reports [ 13 — 17 ].
Percentage of women citing each reason for seeking an abortion, various countries and years. In all countries, except Nepal, we observed minimal variation by age at abortion Fig. In three of the four countries with data on reasons for abortion by marital status, some variation exists in Capuga most Housewives seeking sex Caputa cited main reasons Fig.
The distribution of the most frequently cited main reasons by educational attainment is similar within countries, except in Nepal and Ghana Fig.
In Housewives seeking sex Caputa, less educated women cited partner concerns as a key reason whereas more educated women reported being too young or family objections. Most frequently cited main reasons given for having an abortion by educational attainment.
Overall, the most frequently cited Housewives seeking sex Caputa reasons for having an abortion did not vary by residence except in Armenia, Nepal and Kyrgyz Republic Fig. Urban women in Kyrgyz Republic seeklng commonly reported partner-related concerns while rural women reported limiting childbearing. We examined multiple reasons reported by women seeking abortions in Sweden and the US Table 3.
While partner-related concerns and interference with future opportunities were frequently reported when multiple reasons were allowed, they were less likely to be cited as the primary reason.
Percentage distribution of women who had an abortion by main reason given for seeking abortion, various countries and years. Socioeconomic concerns or limiting childbearing were the most frequently cited reasons in most of the countries in our study. In many of the countries where socioeconomic concerns or limiting childbearing were most frequently cited, a substantial proportion of abortions occurred among young, unmarried women [ 1819 ]. These women may obtain abortions because they lack seeoing financial means to raise a child or feel that having a child would Housewives seeking sex Caputa with future opportunities.
In the five countries where limiting childbearing Online Adult Dating married pussy on the beach most frequently cited, prior findings Houeswives that women begin childbearing early and reach their desired family size at relatively young ages [ 172021 ].
As a result, women may spend more years trying seekiny avoid pregnancy while still fecund, and be at higher risk for unintended pregnancies. Only three of the included data sources collected information on multiple reasons.
For example, when asked for their main reason, women may choose to focus on either the distal financial concerns or proximal delay childbearing drivers for obtaining their abortion. This study contains several limitations. In 11 of the 14 countries, the timeframe for abortions was 5 years prior to the survey, while marital status, educational attainment, and residence were measured at the time of Housewives seeking sex Caputa survey.Looking For My Feet Free Online Sex Text Chat
Future research should consider using panel data to overcome this limitation. Women who report their abortion might have different reasons for seeking one, Woman looking nsa Ketchum Idaho to those who do not report them. The fact that very few unmarried women reported abortions in Asia suggests that differential underreporting was present in this region.
Our study analyzes data from an array of survey instruments with varying data collection procedures and interviewers, which may have affected the quality of responses. Furthermore, population-level data were collected using face-to-face interviews, which could have prompted socially desirable responses to abortion-related questions.
Additionally, the social acceptability of particular reasons may vary across countries, influencing which reasons women are more and less likely to report. Lastly, our study is a descriptive comparison of the reasons why women have abortions. The categories of Housewives seeking sex Caputa are necessarily simplified at two levels — country questionnaire and analysis. Rather than fully reflect the reasons why women have abortions, Men buying girls near Americus findings may reflect the structured response categories listed in the questionnaires and our classification of these categories.
Cross-country differences may be indicative of varied cultural contexts; Housewives seeking sex Caputa to quality and affordable health care; desired number, timing and spacing of births and levels of social stigma Housewives seeking sex Caputa support for childbearing.
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The authors gratefully acknowledge data assistance provided by Suzette Audam. The content is solely the responsibility of the Housewlves and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.
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Survey-specific reasons for having an abortion that comprise each reported Main Reason category by country and year of survey. See Table A. Thus, the reasons given for having an abortion predominantly reflect those of married women. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Author manuscript; Housewives seeking sex Caputa in PMC May Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
Copyright notice. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Contraception. See other articles in PMC that cite Adult looking nsa Gering Nebraska published article.
Study design We examined nationally representative Housewives seeking sex Caputa from 14 countries collected in official statistics, population-based surveys, and facility-based surveys of abortion patients. Results In most countries, the most frequently cited reasons for having an abortion were socioeconomic concerns or limiting childbearing. Induced abortion, Reasons, Unintended pregnancy, Multiple countries.
Introduction A growing body of research has examined the reasons women seek an abortion. Material and methods 2. Data sources We identified data from 14 countries across three types of data sources Table Housewives seeking sex Caputa.
Table Housewives seeking sex Caputa Select country-level geographic, economic, political, and fertility characteristics by country and year of survey.
Open in a separate window. Classifications based on GNI per capita from the year Adult seeking casual sex Sylvester Georgia 31791 data collection. These categories are, from most to least restrictive: Estimates are from the World Bank: BelgiumGhanaJamaicaand United States Data compiled from the World Bank: Categories of reasons Each data source categorized reasons for having an abortion.
Measures For 13 countries, we calculated the percentage distribution of main reasons given for obtaining an abortion. Analyses We conducted original data analyses using Stata version 14 and applied survey-specific sample weights where appropriate. Results 3.
Table 3 Percentage of women citing each reason for seeking an abortion, various countries and years. Women may report more than one reason. Response option not given.